Texas Stamp

OSPA Offers Practically Free Traffic-Stop Training for Rural Law Enforcement

Assistant State Prosecuting Attorney John R. Messinger will conduct a 4-hour presentation covering 4th Amendment issues with a focus on traffic stops.  The presentation is accompanied by a paper (distributed in advance) and includes:

∙ Historical perspective
∙ In-depth coverage of controlling law
∙ Discussion of recent cases and pending issues
∙ A quiz!

This service is for small or rural counties that do not have the resources to send officers for training.   Credit can be earned with a department’s approval. 


Call ((512) 463-1660) or email (information@spa.texas.gov) John to schedule a training day for this August (August will be the only time the service is offered).   

The department, county, or city will be responsible for John's mileage reimbursement and overnight residency (if needed). 


PD-1118-16 01/25/2017

  1. "Appellant failed to preserve any of the complaints that underlie the court of appeals' opinion."
  2. "Did the court of appeals misinterpret the record and thus misapply Moore v. State, 295 S.W.3d 329, 332 (Tex. Crim. App. 2009), which held that judges may not play any role in plea negotiation?"
  3. "Should Moore be reconsidered and Appellant be estopped from complaining in this case?"

At a December plea hearing, Hallmark and the State agreed to a 3-year prison term with the understanding that Hallmark could defer sentencing until January. The trial court admonished Hallmark orally and in writing that if she did not appear at the January sentencing hearing, the trial court could assess any sentence within the punishment range. Hallmark acknowledged understanding the agreement. In January, she failed to appear at the punishment hearing. At a later hearing when she was present, she offered no justification for her absence, and the trial court sentenced her to 10 years' imprisonment. Hallmark objected that the sentence rendered her guilty plea and waivers involuntary.

The court of appeals reversed Hallmark's conviction. It found that the trial court, not the State, had added the condition that Hallmark must appear at the January sentencing hearing. It reasoned that under Moore, where a judge conditionally accepts a plea bargain and then later rejects it, the defendant must be given the opportunity to withdraw her guilty plea.

The State argues that Hallmark's objection to an involuntary plea did not preserve a complaint that the trial court had interjected itself into the plea bargain by unilaterally adding an additional condition. The State also argues that the court of appeals misinterpreted the record and that, unlike in Moore, the trial court did not unilaterally add a condition. Finally, the State urges the court to reconsider Moore or find that Hallmark is estopped from complaining about an agreement that she enjoyed the benefit of.

Contact Us

Mailing Address

P. O. Box 13046
Austin, Texas 78711-3046

Physical Address

209 W. 14th Street
Austin, Texas 78701


(512) 463-1660


(512) 463-5724